Smart City Mission
Smartening Cities, Improving Lives
Transforming existing Indian cities into Smart Cities or building new ones is a colossal task. Cities need to be able to assess their current situation and determine the critical capabilities needed to enable a Smart City. To help cities address these issues, the All India Institute of Local Self-Government (AIILSG) is assisting Raipur, Bilaspur, Chandigarh, Karnal and Faridabad in preparing for the proposal for the nationwide ‘City challenge’ being contested among 100 potential Smart Cities
Urbanization is reaching a new peak with the steep rise of population in Indian cities. At present, Cities accommodate nearly 31 per cent of India’s current population and contribute 63 percent of nation’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Cities are expected to house 40 per cent of India’s population and contribute 75 per cent of India’s GDP by 2030.
Indian cities work in a complex environment especially when coupled with constrained financial resources, fast-growing populations, and aging infrastructure. To change the contours of urban space, the Government of India has launched the Smart City Mission and recently released the list of 100 potential smart cities. These cities will be taking part in a nationwide city challenge and the winner cities will get financial assistance from the government and hand-holding support from the select international agencies for implementing the Smart City projects.
Smart City goals are driving investment in emerging technologies such as Big Data analytics, the Internet of Things, cloud computing, and mobile-based solutions. Application of Smart Solutions will enable cities to use technology, information and data to improve infrastructure and services. Comprehensive development in this way will improve quality of life, create employment and enhance incomes for all, especially the poor and the disadvantaged, leading to inclusive Cities.
To help cities address these issues, the All India Institute of Local Self-Government (AIILSG) is assisting Raipur, Bilaspur, Chandigarh, Karnal and Faridabad in preparing for the proposal for the nationwide ‘City challenge’ being contested among 100 potential Smart Cities. It is to be noted that Union Ministry of Urban Development has empanelled the AIILSG as one of the consultants qualified to work for Smart City Mission for Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Chandigarh, Madhya Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh.
The institute strives to promote innovative solutions and services by exploiting creative and innovative ways to reduce energy consumption, water use, waste and emissions, while also being engines of culture, creativity and economic activity. It aims to identify and apply successful urban innovations to maximize progress and minimize costs, while furthering the economic and social development of the respective cities based on their strengths. It is also targeting to educate city officials, managers and planners in urban development knowledge and to promote future governance structures of urban areas.
Founded on the four pillars of holistic development–institutional, physical, social and economic infrastructure–as envisaged in the Smart City Mission, the institute aims at developing the entire urban eco-system and targets to meet the aspirations and needs of the citizens.
This can be achieved by developing such comprehensive infrastructure and improving quality of life incrementally, adding on layers of ‘smartness’ through planned, inclusive and sustainable interventions. Comprehensive development in this way will improve quality of life, create employment and enhance incomes for all, especially the poor and the disadvantaged, leading to inclusive and sustainable Cities.
Smart City Plan for the cities will be developed based on the key performance indicators, mapping of the city, city level self-assessment, and citizen engagement. The strategic plan would be the result of integrated planning, such that the economic, physical, spatial, social and environmental dimensions of the whole city and the specific areas selected for area-based development are considered with clarity and reference to evidence (information & data). The plan would assume operational efficiencies wherever possible and target the economies of scale, the use of economic and political levers and the harnessing of people’s trust and participation in all aspects of the project.
While an area based proposal will identify an area of the city that has been selected through desk research, analysis and citizen engagement as the appropriate site for either of three types of development: retrofitting (approx. 500 acres), redevelopment (approx. 50 acres) or Greenfield development (approx 500 acres). This area will be developed into a ‘smart’ area, with all the ‘Essential Components’ and any additional features that are deemed to be necessary and appropriate
Core infrastructure elements for the development of the smart cities
- Adequate water supply,
- Assured electricity supply,
- Sanitation, including solid waste management,
- Efficient urban mobility and public transport,
- Affordable housing, especially for the poor,
- Robust IT connectivity and digitalization,
- Good governance through e-Governance and citizen participation,
- Sustainable environment
- Safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly and
- Health and education
All India Institute of Local Self Government has created a framework for Smart Cities in India.
Components involve in the framework
|Performance Assessment Systems (PAS)||Defining Service Level Benchmarks to help cities monitor performance and ensure better quality of life by providing a framework to facilitate consistent and comparative collection of service level indicators for water supply, sanitation and sewerage.||
AIILSG has developed appropriate methods and tools to measure, monitor and improve delivery of water and sanitation in urban Maharashtra State. The Project has three major components of performance measurement, monitoring and improvement. It covers all urban local bodies (ULBs) in Maharashtra.For more info: www.pas.org.in
|City Indicators||City Indicators Facilitycreates a knowledge network that connects cities and builds global partnerships. The Facility assists cities in drawing comparativelessons from other cities globally||AIILSG is planning to initiate this programs with the State Governments for identifying the service level benchmarks for different city indicators:
|Capacity Building for Smart Cities||Capacity Building exercises for
||AIILS has been conducting Capacity Buildings in last 8 months. It is planned endeavour to start Technical Training sessions on CAD, Project Management and Business Intelligence|
|Physical and Information Security Academy||Setting up a Training Academy for Security Guards working with Housing Society, Industrial Premises and Personal security guards||This is an all India level initiative starting from Gujarat and Maharashtra State|
Smart City Mission